Psychology and Neuroscience
The human brain represents the most complex matter known to mankind. How consciousness arises from this extremely complex material structure is an unsolved riddle of science. For this reason, one direction of psychology (behaviorism) has quite consistently limited itself purely to observable behavior (behio(u)r). Very soon it became clear that this – from a scientific point of view – understandable reductionism very much limits the understanding of human thinking, feeling as well as behavior. However, especially in this extremely complex matter, it seems appropriate to include as many perspectives as possible in order to better understand the human psyche. As mentioned in the introduction, all mental processes are based on the brain and the neurons that are distributed throughout the body. By using the most modern measurement methods of neuroscience and the complementary “classical methods” such as interviews, observations as well as experiments etc., the method-specific research results are related to each other in inter- and transdisciplinary cooperation. In this way, the most comprehensive and holistic picture of the human psyche can be created.
However, since future psychologists often have to deal very directly with people, important attention should be paid to their own personality development and self-reflection already during their studies.